First of all What is Internet of Things(IOT)?
The Internet of things is an environment in which objects, animals or people are provided with unique identifiers and the ability to transfer data over a network without requiring human-to-human or human to computer interaction. The Internet of Things is otherwise popularly called Internet of Everything or Network of Everything and refers to the network of physical objects or “things” embedded with electronics, software, and connectivity to enable objects to exchange data with the production, operator and other connected devices based on the infrastructure.
So, what exactly it will do to the “Things“?
The Internet of Things allows objects to be sensed and controlled remotely across existing network infrastructure, creating opportunities for more direct integration between the physical world and computer based systems, and resulting in improved efficiency, accuracy and economic benefit. Notably, each thing is uniquely identifiable through its embedded computing system but is able to interoperate within the existing Internet infrastructure.
Typically, Internet of Things is expected to offer advanced connectivity of devices, systems, and services that goes beyond machine-to-machine communications and covers a variety of protocols, domains, and applications. The interconnection of these embedded devices is expected to usher in automation in nearly all fields.
The term “things” can connote a wide variety of devices such as heart monitoring implants, electric clams in coastal waters, automobiles with built in sensors, or field operation devices that assist fire fighters in search and rescue. These devices collect useful data with the help of various existing technologies and then autonomously flow the data with the help of various existing technologies and then autonomously flow the data between other devices. Besides the plethora of new application areas for Internet connected automation to expand into, Internet of things is also expected to generate large amounts of data from diverse locations that is aggregated very quickly, thereby increasing the need to better index, store and process such data.